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Designing with Ready-Mix Concrete: Tips for Architects and Engineers

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Designing with Ready-Mix Concrete: Tips for Architects and Engineers

  • Posted by: Mir Ready Mix Concrete
  • Category: General Construction, Green Building, Ready Mix Concrete, Tips
Designing with Ready-Mix Concrete: Tips for Architects and Engineers

For architects and engineers alike, concrete stands as both a cornerstone and a canvas. Its versatility and strength make it an indispensable material in modern construction, lending its solid presence to everything from towering skyscrapers to humble sidewalks.

Yet, within its stoic exterior lies a world of creative potential waiting to be unlocked.

In the realm of design, concrete transcends mere functionality, becoming a medium for architectural expression. Its adaptability allows architects to sculpt bold forms, while engineers harness its structural integrity to realize their visions with confidence. But mastering the art of concrete design requires more than just pouring and setting—it demands a nuanced understanding of its properties and potential.

Crafting Concrete Masterpieces: From Preservation to Precision

Preserve and Protect: Choosing the Right Sealants

In the world of concrete design, preservation is paramount. The porous nature of concrete demands careful consideration when it comes to protecting your masterpiece from the ravages of time and the elements. Selecting the appropriate resin, varnish, and waterproofing agents is not merely a matter of aesthetics but a crucial step in ensuring longevity and durability.

With a myriad of products available, each tailored to specific needs, it’s imperative to seek guidance from technical experts. These consultants can offer invaluable insights into the best solutions for your project, whether it’s safeguarding against water damage, acid rain, or mold infiltration. Moreover, certain sealants can enhance the visual appeal of concrete, accentuating its tonality or adding a luminous sheen. By investing in quality sealants, you not only protect your creation but elevate its aesthetic allure.

Fortify Against Corrosion: Shielding Metalwork

Beyond surface protection lies the structural integrity of your creation. Metal and ironwork embedded within concrete structures are vulnerable to corrosion when exposed to moisture and environmental elements. To safeguard against such degradation, it’s essential to shield these elements from contact with water and other corrosive agents.

In addition to structural calculations dictating dimensions, consider incorporating an extra layer of concrete to encapsulate metal work fully. This additional barrier not only reinforces the structure but also prevents moisture and mold from compromising its strength over time. By fortifying the metal framework, you ensure the longevity and resilience of your concrete masterpiece.

Craftsmanship in Construction: Selecting the Optimal Framework

At the heart of every concrete creation lies the framework—a scaffold that supports the mixture of cement, sand, and water until it sets into its final form. Choosing the right framework is not merely a practical consideration but a creative decision that influences the texture and appearance of the finished product.

Wooden frameworks offer versatility and charm, allowing for a range of textures and finishes. Whether embracing the natural knots and grains of the wood or opting for a sleek, laminated surface, wood provides flexibility and, when treated properly, can be reused, offering both economic and environmental benefits.

For larger projects demanding efficiency and precision, metal frameworks emerge as a preferred choice. Offering superior strength, reusability, and a smoother texture, metal frameworks streamline construction processes while delivering impeccable results. Whether wooden or metal, the framework serves as the canvas upon which architectural visions take shape, embodying the craftsmanship and ingenuity of the designer.

Waterproofing Ready-Mix Concrete: Essential Steps for Durable Structures

  1. Optimizing Water/Cement Ratio: The cornerstone of a robust waterproof mix lies in achieving a dense concrete with minimal pores, necessitating a low water-to-cement (W/C) ratio. Aim for a ratio below 0.5, ideally targeting a W/C ratio of less than 0.4 to ensure optimal results.
  2. Ensuring Sufficient Binder Content: Guaranteeing a minimum binder content of at least 350 kg—whether through cement, cementitious materials, or their combination—is imperative for reducing pore formation and enhancing durability.
  3. Precise Dosage of Waterproofing Agents: For effective crystalline growth waterproofing, adhere to a dosage of at least 1% of the cementitious content or 4-5 kg/m3 of concrete to facilitate proper sealing and minimize water ingress.
  4. Strategic Mixing Process: To achieve uniform dispersion and prevent lump formation, integrate the waterproofing agent into the mix at the central mixer of the ready-mix plant, alongside the aggregates, avoiding post-mixing addition in the mixer truck.
  5. Balancing Superplasticizer Addition: Anticipate a slight reduction in workability due to the waterproofing agent and compensate by incorporating additional superplasticizer. Conduct a lab-scale study to assess the impact of various admixtures on workability when combining different chemicals.
  6. Prioritizing Curing Procedures: Effective curing at the construction site is pivotal for activating the waterproofing agent and sealing pores. Ensure continuous water curing for a minimum of two weeks post-pouring to fully realize the benefits of waterproofing, evidenced by the emergence of efflorescence as a sign of successful activation.


In the realm of architecture and engineering, mastering concrete design is essential for creating enduring structures that blend functionality with artistic expression. The tips provided here—from selecting the right sealants to optimizing waterproofing measures—equip designers with the knowledge to elevate their creations.

By prioritizing preservation and precision, architects and engineers ensure that their concrete masterpieces not only withstand the rigors of time and the elements but also captivate with their aesthetic allure.

These principles underscore a commitment to durability and innovation, guiding designers as they push the boundaries of what’s possible in concrete construction. In the dynamic interplay of tradition and innovation, these insights empower architects and engineers to craft structures that inspire admiration and stand as testaments to their creativity and expertise.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the design guideline for concrete mix?

A well-designed concrete mixture will have the requisite workability for fresh concrete and the durability and strength for hardened concrete. Typically, a mix contains 10 to 15% cementitious material, 60 to 75% aggregate, and 15 to 20% water.

How can I improve my concrete mix design?

According to the ACI technique, the concrete design process takes a methodical approach to assure structural integrity and performance. Engineers begin by selecting an appropriate slump value and maximum aggregate size, after which they estimate the mixing water and air content. They then compute the water-cement ratio and calculate the required cement content. The process continues with the estimation of coarse and fine aggregate content, with each step carefully completed to produce the required features and attributes of the concrete mixture.

What are the four objectives of concrete mix design?

Attaining the intended level of workability during the initial, malleable phase. Meeting the targeted minimum strength upon reaching the solidified stage. Ensuring longevity and resilience in specific environmental circumstances. Efficiently producing concrete while optimizing cost-effectiveness.

Author: Mir Ready Mix Concrete
Mir Ready Mix Concrete is a trusted name in the Bangladeshi concrete industry. We are providing quality concrete products and services to our customers for over 25 years. We're a family-owned and operated business, and we take pride in our work. We offer a variety of concrete products and services, and we are always willing to help our customers find the perfect solution for their needs.

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